Dracunculiasis (commonly known as guinea-worm disease) is a crippling parasitic disease caused by Dracunculus medinensis- a long, thread-like worm. It is transmitted exclusively when people drink stagnant water contaminated with parasite-infected water fleas.
Schistosomiasis is an acute and chronic parasitic disease caused by blood flukes (trematode worms) of the genus Schistosoma. Estimates show that at least 258 million people required preventive treatment in 2014. Preventive treatment, which should be repeated over a number of years, will reduce and prevent morbidity. Schistosomiasis transmission has been reported from 78 countries.
Schistosomiasis is an acute and chronic, parasitic disease caused by blood flukes (trematode worms) of the genus Schistosoma. At least 258 million people required treatment in 2014. Treatment, which should be repeated over a number of years, will reduce and prevent morbidity. The WHO strategy for schistosomiasis control focuses on reducing disease through periodic, targeted treatment with praziquantel. This involves regular treatment of all who are at-risk.
At the workshops on evaluating the prevention of malaria, parasitic and vector-borne diseases in the first 6 months of 2015 held by the institutes of malariology, parasitology and entomology (Ministry of Health-MoH), the control of parasitic diseases, mainly intestinal helminthiases is an important part of the workshops; however, these diseases so far are still listed as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), which have not been given investment priority and proper prevention scale yet.
Soil-transmitted helminth is one of the most common infections worldwide, with roughly 2 billion people affected in the poorest and most deprived communities. Caused by different species of parasitic worms, the infection is transmitted by eggs present in human faeces, which in turn contaminate soil in areas where sanitation is poor.